BASIC MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR SKYDIVING
BASIC MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR SKYDIVING
11.1 A "skydive" is defined as the descent of a person to the surface from an aircraft in flight when he or she uses or intends to use a parachute during all or part of that descent.
11.2 All persons participating in skydiving should be familiar with the Skydiver's Information Manual and all Central, State, and local regulations and rules pertaining to skydiving.
11.3 Aero Club of India is the apex body for governing all aero sports in India and is authorised by the FAI, the International Sporting Body for Aerosports to issue FAI sporting licenses. Indian Parachuting Federation (IPF) is its member in India as the National Parachuting Federation.
INSTRUCTOR QUALIFICATIONS AND TRAINING OF PARTICIPANTS
11.4 All student training programs must be conducted under the direction and oversight of an appropriately qualified instructor in possession of a license from Indian Parachuting Federation or any other National Parachuting Federation like BPA, APA, USPA
11.5 All first-jump non-method-specific training must be conducted by an experienced and qualified Instructor.
11.6 All students must receive training in the following areas, sufficient to jump safely
b) aircraft and exit procedures
c) freefall procedures (except static-line jumps)
d) deployment procedures and parachute emergencies
e) canopy flight procedures
f) landing procedures and emergencies
a) All jumps must be conducted by a licensed Instructor in that student's training method.
b) Before being cleared for freefall, all students must perform five successive jumps with practice deployments while demonstrating the ability to maintain stability and control from the exit to opening.
c) All students must be under the direct supervision of an appropriately rated instructor until completing one successful clear-and-pull.
d) Following a successful clear-and-pull, each student must be supervised in the aircraft and in freefall by a licenced Instructor until demonstrating stability and heading control prior to and within five seconds after initiating two intentional disorienting manoeuvres involving a back-to-earth presentation.
e) All ground training must be conducted by an instructor in that student’s training method until demonstrating stability and heading control prior to and within five seconds after initiating two intentional disorienting manoeuvres involving a back-to-earth presentation.
11.8 Tandem training jumps
a) Any Instructor conducting a tandem jump must hold a current Tandem licence: Instructor rating and a manufacturer’s type rating.
b) For progressive training requirements following tandem jumps, refer to "Crossover training."
c) Intentional back-to-earth or vertical orientations that cause tandem freefall speeds exceeding that of drogue fall are prohibited.
d) Tandem equipment instruction must be conducted by an individual approved by the tandem equipment manufacturer of that system.
11.9 Crossover training
a) Students may transfer after the first or subsequent jumps to another training method after demonstrating sufficient knowledge and skill in the areas of equipment, aircraft, exits, freefall manoeuvres, deployment, emergency
b) Students previously trained in a tandem program may continue in a harness-hold program or must demonstrate a solo exit and practice deployment with stability in the static-line program prior to advancing to freefall.
c) Students previously trained in a harness-hold program must have exited stable without assistance or performed a stable static-line jump with a practice deployment supervised by Static-Line licensed Instructor prior to performing freefall jumps with any non-AFF-rated licensed Instructor.
When performing night jumps, each skydiver must display a light that is visible for at least three statute miles from the time the jumper is under an open parachute until landing.
11.10 All students are to be equipped with the following equipment until they have obtained a license:
a) a rigid helmet (except tandem students)
b) a piggyback harness and container system that includes a single-point riser release and a reserve static line, except
i. A student who has been cleared for freefall self-supervision may jump without a reserve static line upon endorsement from his or her supervising instructor.
ii. Such endorsement may be for one jump or a series of jumps.
c) a visually accessible altimeter (except tandem students)
d) a functional automatic activation device that meets the manufacturer's recommended service schedule
e) a ram-air main canopy suitable for student use
f) a steerable reserve canopy appropriate to the student's weight
g) for freefall, a ripcord-activated, spring-loaded, pilot-chute-equipped main parachute or a bottom-of-container (BOC) throw-out pilot chute
11.11 Students must receive additional ground instruction in emergency procedures and deployment-specific information before jumping any unfamiliar system.
11.12 For each harness-hold jump, each AFF rating holder supervising the jump must be equipped with a visually accessible altimeter.
11.13 All skydivers wearing a round main or reserve canopy and all solo students must wear flotation gear when the intended exit, opening, or landing point is within one mile of an open body of water (an open body of water is defined as one in which a skydiver could drown).
Special altitude equipment and supplementary oxygen
11.14 Supplementary oxygen available on the aircraft is mandatory on skydives made from higher than 15,000 feet (MSL).
COMPLIANCE WITH GOVT. REGULATIONS
11.15 No skydive may be made in violation of Indian regulations in vogue.
11.16 DGCA is the National regulator for flying. Its regulations include the use of restraint systems in the aircraft by all skydivers during movement of the aircraft.
11.17 All persons engaging in skydiving must carry a certificate of physical fitness for skydiving from a registered physician or
11.18 Skydivers are to be at least 18 years of age
11.19 Maximum ground winds
a) For all solo students
i. 14 mph for ram-air canopies
ii. 10 mph for round reserves
b) For licensed skydivers 25 mph
Minimum opening altitudes
11.20 Minimum container opening altitudes above the ground for skydivers are:
a) Tandem jumps—4,500 feet AGL
b) All students and A-license holders—3,000 feet AGL
c) B-license holders—2,500 feet AGL
d) C- and D-license holders—2,000 feet AGL
DROP ZONE REQUIREMENTS
11.21 Areas used for skydiving should be unobstructed, with the following minimum radial distances to the nearest hazard
a) solo students and A-license holders—100 meters
b) B- and C-license holders and all tandem skydives—50 meters
c) D-license holders—12 meters
11.22 Hazards are defined as telephone and power lines, towers, buildings, open bodies of water, highways, automobiles, and clusters of trees covering more than 3,000 square meters. [NW]
11.23 Manned ground-to-air communications (e.g., radios, panels, smoke, lights) are to be present in the drop zone during skydiving operations.
11.24 The appropriate altitude and surface winds are to be determined prior to conduct any skydive.
11.25 The following documentation is required to be kept at Operations Base:
a) Details of owner and operator
b) Document indicating the annual inspections carried out by an inspecting body
c) List of licensed instructors along with copies of relevant certifications
d) Evidence of public and other liability insurance
a) Logbook containing the daily operation sheets
b) Accident/ incident report sheets
c) Parachute inspection register and operation log
d) Packing log Books
e) AOD and airborne instrument log book
f) Risk assessment and management plan
g) Emergency procedures manual
h) Manufacturer’s product manual
i) Current inspection report
Information to be provided for participants and visitors:
a) Description of the activity and safety instructions
b) Weather, Medical and Age Limits and restrictions
c) Information relating to personal public liability insurance of the operator
|EMERGENCIES & RISK MITIGATION|
11.26 Each skydiving centre should establish and review procedures for all possible aircraft and equipment, and landing emergencies.
11.27 Every pilot and non-student jumper should thoroughly understand aircraft emergency procedures.
11.28 For aircraft emergencies all students should take direction from their instructor.
11.29 All jumpers must be thoroughly briefed and carry out practice drills for all possible emergencies to the satisfaction of the instructor/jumpmaster.
11.30 A monthly risk assessment as per given proforma needs to be carried out reviewed by the chief instructor and the owner/operator and records maintained.