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There have been a number of accidents all over India related to water sports. With a little precaution and awareness, most of these accidents can easily be avoided.

14.1 There have been a number of accidents all over India related to water sports. With a little precaution and awareness, most of these accidents can easily be avoided.

Trained manpower

14.2 It is imperative that personnel responsible for conducting water sports activities are skilled to a high level in conducting those activities, rescue and life-saving techniques and First Aid / C.P.R.


14.3 Lead guides for water sports activities should, as a minimum, hold the following;

a) A minimum 16 hour (2 days) first aid certificate provided by a recognised and qualified provider

b) Qualification from a Recognized National or International body for the particular activity and a certificate from the operator that the individual “has experience of 3 years in assisting in the particular activity and is independently capable guiding groups and carrying out rescue operations”

c) A log book containing authenticated records of mountaineering experience.



14.4 Life jackets or Personal Floatation Devices ( PFD's) ( must meet the minimum buoyancy requirement, be appropriate for the intended activity, be certified/approved by ISI, US coastguard, British Canoe Union or equivalent)

14.5 Throw-able rescue devices must be available for immediate use.

14.6 Boats for safety/rescue must be ensured to be available in the immediate vicinity (within visual distance) for prompt deployment with personnel duly qualified to operate/ carry out rescues operations.



14.7 All water sports activities must begin with a thorough safety briefing. The briefing must highlight the equipment used, do's and dont's, demarcation of the boundary for the activity, rescue and emergency procedures. A liability waiver form clearly highlighting the risk involved must be signed by all participants prior to the commencement of the activity. Participants with any medical condition making them unfit for participation in the activity must be informed prior to the commencement of the activity and not allowed to participate.



14.8 Life Jackets: No water sports activity should be undertaken with wearing a lifejacket throughout the time spent in the water. The life jacket must have adequate buoyancy, should be fastened properly and checked by the instructor prior to the commencement of the water sports activity. The lifejacket must be the appropriate size for the intended user.

14.9 Lifeguards: No water sports activity should be conducted without the presence of trained lifeguard/s.

14.10 Alcohol/drugs are not permitted at least six hours prior or during the activity.

14.11 Signboards: With rules clearly mentioning that no water sports activity is to be undertaken unless supervised.

14.12 No water sports activity should be conducted in the dark and preferably finish an hour before dark.



14.13 All Water Sports Operators must maintain and update a Standard Operating Procedure for their operations.

14.14 Besides covering the methodologies that are adopted by the agency in organizing the activity, such as assessing of members medical condition and experience, procedures for conduct of the activity, avoidance of injury, safety precautions, communication, weather, procedure for emergencies, casualty evacuation, incident and accident reporting, feedback mechanism the following must be included in the SOPs.

14.15 Medical facilities in the area of operation must be identified. Efficient evacuation measures should also be evaluated in advance.

14.16 Advertising must give a true picture of all the difficulties and dangers involved, and avoid promising the impossible. If an expedition is commercially launched by an operator, then the Biographical information about the guiding team should be included.



14.17 The tour operator must maintain, at the minimum the following documentation:

a) Details of all Guides and Instructors including, copies of certifications, a record of experience and feedback from clients.

b) Copies of all Permits and Permissions required for operations.

c) Copies of identification documents, Insurance cover and details of next of kin for all participants, guides and instructors.

d) Copy of SOP.

e) Current list of emergency contact numbers



14.18 In addition;

a) Adequate first aid medical equipment must be available with the party.

b) Evacuation routes must be identified and known to participants, guides and instructors,

c) A detailed and documented evacuation/emergency procedure must be available with the party along with closest available emergency services which can be called upon as required.